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Canine Vaccination Guidelines

The duration of immunity for vaccines for diseases like rabies, distemper, and parvovirus have been shown to be 7 years. More importantly it has been scientifically proven that, after the initial series, when vaccines are re-administered the immune status of the patient is not enhanced.  Antibodies from the initial vaccine block the subsequent vaccines from having any effect.

Although the true interval at which re-administration of Rabies, Distemper, Parvovirus, Adenovirus and Para influenza vaccinations will enhance the immunity in a significant number of dogs has not been determined, an arbitrary compromise interval of every three years has been agreed upon by the American Animal Hospital Association, the American Association of Feline Practitioners, and 22 Schools of Veterinary Medicine. It is the consensus of immunologists and experts that the duration of immunity is much longer and probably the life of the patient. This three-year compromise interval will greatly reduce the number of antigens administered, and therefore the risk of adverse reactions, while providing the most complete protection against preventable diseases possible.

These are the recommendations of Bob Rogers DVM based on
Peer Reviewed Journal Publications (References)
The American Association of Feline Practitioners
The American Veterinary Medical Association
Council on Biologic and Therapeutic Agents
Texas A&M University
Colorado State University
Cornell University
The American Animal Hospital Association

Vaccination Schedule:

Core vaccines recommended for all dogs

Vaccine

 

Initial

 

>12 Weeks

 

1st Annual

 

Re-
Administration Interval
Comments

 

Rabies
(killed)
16 weeks One vaccination

1 yr after the initial

vaccination

 

Every 3 years. Due to age & maternal antibodies, closer to 4 months is better
Distemper
(MLV)
8 weeks
12 weeks
16 weeks
2 doses 3-4 weeks apart Yes.
Will provide lifetime immunity.

AAHA-

Every three years (compromise)

 

Recombinant vaccine for breeds like Weimaraners may prevent

HOD

 

Parvovirus
(MLV
8 weeks
12 weeks
16 weeks
2 doses 3-4 weeks apart

Yes –

DOI 7 yrs+

Probably lifetime

 

None needed.
Duration of immunity 7.5 years by studies. Probably lifetime. Longer studies pending.
At 6 weeks of age, only 30% of puppies are protected but 100% are exposed to the virus at the vet clinic.
Non-Core Only recommended where there is a chance of exposure
Bordetella
(Intranasal)

(killed)
Intra Nasal 4 days prior to boarding
Inj. 3 weeks prior to Boarding Inj followed by Intra Nasal demonstrated better protection
Mfg recommends one dose

Yes

Immune response is faster with boosters

 

Annually

(Para influenza every 3 years?)

 

Para influenza only protects against 1 of 8+ causes of Kennel Cough

Bordetella

 

Intranasal Bordetella takes effect in 72 hrs to take effect vs. injectable requires 2 weeks to take effect.
Recommended 3 days prior to boarding, grooming & dog shows.
Protects against 2 of the possible 8 causes of kennel cough.
Duration of immunity 6 months.
Leptospirosis 1.) There are an average of 12 cases of Lepto annually in Texas.
2.) Side effects are common.
3.) The most commonly used vaccine contains the wrong serovars. (There is no
     cross-protection of serovars) There is a new vaccine with 2 new serovars. Two
     vaccinations twice per year would be required for protection.)
4.) The risk of side effects outweighs benefits.
Lyme 1.) Vector tick/reservoir relationship not in Texas
2.) 85% of cases are in 9 New England area States, Minnesota  and Wisconsin.
3.) There is a possible side effect of polyarthritis from the vaccine.

Vaccines Not Recommended For Dogs
Distemper & Parvo @ 6 weeks or younger Not recommended.
At this age, maternal antibodies form the mothers milk (colostrum) will neutralize the vaccine and only 30% for puppies will be protected. 100% will be exposed to the virus at the vet clinic.
Corona Not recommended.
1. Disease only affects dogs < 8 weeks of age.
2. Corona is a rare disease, only 1 case reported in 7 yrs at each of  these Vet
    Schools: TAMU, Cornell, Colo.St., U.Cal.@ Davis
3. Efficacy of vaccine questionable, IgA Mucosal antibodies needed
Giardia Not recommended
 
1. Efficacy of Vaccine unsubstantiated by independent studies.
 
2.  IgA mucosal antibodies? Immunity against a complex organism?
 
3. Natural infection does not provide immunity.
bullet

Extra vaccinations for Rottweilers at 20 weeks, etc-Are not necessary if high titer
Parvovirus vaccines are used. 
“Booster Vaccination” before breeding- does not increase maternal antibody transfer in
 colostrum.

bullet

Nosodes – Study by Dr. Ron Schultz demonstrated no efficacy.

bullet

Not recommended: Greene’s Infectious Diseases

bullet

Distemper and Parvo at 6 weeks – exposure to disease will be increased by visiting a Veterinary
Hospital while only 30% of puppies will be protected, due to maternal antibody interference with
vaccine. Vaccination by a breeder at home with Parvo only may help prevent losses but will delay
next vaccination to 9 weeks.

 

CritterAdvocacy.org is dedicated to the education of pet owners
and  the care-takers that help them.

e-mail drbob@critteradvocacy.org
Copyright (c) 2003. Dr. Robert L. Rogers. All rights reserved.

The Better Business Bureau. Education Foundation
Torch Awards for Excellence in Business Ethics
Presented to Dr. Bob Rogers
for Public Education about New Vaccination Recommendations